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Install and Configure DNS in Windows Server 2012 R2

Posted in Articles, MCSA, Servers4 months ago • Written by ShaisNo Comments

Install and configure DNS Server which is a standard network protocol and a hierarchical distributed naming system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a private network.

Install and Configure DNS Server in Windows Server

From Windows Server 2012 R2 dashboard, click on Manage tab and then click Add Roles and Features to open the Add Roles and Features Wizard page and click Next.

Add Roles and Features Wizard

Add Roles and Features Wizard

On the opened page select Role-based or features-based installation and click Next.

Add Roles and Features Wizard - Technig

Add Roles and Features Wizard – Technig

We want to install on the local machine, so select the server you want to install DNS from server pool section and then click Next.

Select a Server from server Pool

Select a Server from server Pool

In the Server Roles page, select DNS Server, in the opened page click Add Features. These are the required features needed to install with DNS Server, and then click Next.

Server Roles - DNS Server

Server Roles – DNS Server

On the Features page, do nothings and click Next.

DNS Server Features

DNS Server Features

The DNS Server page read the information and click Next.

Install DNS Server

Install DNS Server

On the Confirmation page, tick the Restart the destination server automatically if required and click Yes warning page then click Install.

DNS Server Installation Confirmation

DNS Server Installation Confirmation

The installation process will take a few minutes. When the installation succeeded, close the page and open the DNS Server console.

DNS Installation Process

DNS Installation Process

The installation has accomplished successfully. Now to to create DNS Zone.

How to Create DNS Zone in Windows Server 2012 R2

Creating zone in DNS Server is easy, but need some basic knowledge to understand the difference between zones and types of zone you need to create.

   Primary zone: When a zone that this DNS server hosts is a primary zone, the DNS server is the primary source for information about this zone, and it stores the master copy of zone data in a local file or in AD DS. When the zone is stored in a file, by default the primary zone file is named zone_name.dns and it is located in the %windir%\System32\Dns folder on the server.

Secondary zone: When a zone that this DNS server hosts is a secondary zone, this DNS server is a secondary source for information about this zone. The zone at this server must be obtained from another remote DNS server computer that also hosts the zone. This DNS server must have network access to the remote DNS server that supplies this server with updated information about the zone. Because a secondary zone is merely a copy of a primary zone that is hosted on another server, it cannot be stored in AD DS.

Stub zone: When a zone that this DNS server hosts is a stub zone, this DNS server is a source only for information about the authoritative name servers for this zone. The zone at this server must be obtained from another DNS server that hosts the zone. This DNS server must have network access to the remote DNS server to copy the authoritative name server information about the zone. Read more: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc771898.aspx

So we try to create Primary Zone. From DNS Manager console right click Forward Lookup zones and click New Zone. 

DNS Manager Console

DNS Manager Console

On the New Zone Wizard page click Next.

New Zone Wizard

New Zone Wizard

Select Primary zone from Zone type page and then click Next.

DNS Zone Name

DNS Zone Name

Type the Domain Name or your domain to Zone name then click Next go to the next page.

DNS Zone FIles

DNS Zone Files

On the Zone File page, just click Next.

DNS Dynamic Update

DNS Dynamic Update

Leave the Dynamic Update configuration by default and click Next.

Completing DNS Server Installation Wizard

Completing DNS Server Installation Wizard

Finally click Finish to complete the installation.

Technig DNS Server

Technig DNS Server

That’s all the step by step installation and configuration of DNS Server on Windows Server 2012 R2.


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Shais

I'm a network and Information Security instructor. Here is my online pictorial notebook. I would like to write and share my experience through this website for computer enthusiasts and technology geeks.

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